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Build Out Line Video Examples

8U/10U Build Out Line

8U/10U Core-Area E

Background and Philosophy

The purpose of the build out line is to teach players how to advance the ball out of the back by keeping the ball in possession, now becoming the attacking team.  This will facilitate player development by allowing the attacking team the opportunity to receive and play the ball in a controlled method rather than the chaotic, more common method of punting the ball up the field and the ensuing scramble for possession (which is usually lost to the opposing team 80% of the time).

In addition, players learn to control the ball, have less opportunity to head the ball, and reduce the dangerous play of high kicking because the ball remains on the ground.

Application, Game Play, and Instructions to Referees with the Build Out Line

1. A build out line will be marked on the field approximately 1/2 the distance from the top of the penalty area to the midfield line (see Figure 1). This will be used for the attacking team, bringing the ball back into play, to have the opportunity to control and maintain the initial possession. 

a.  For example, a goal kick or the goalkeeper making a save and putting the ball back into play via a distribution by throwing the ball, rolling the ball or making a foot pass on the ground. 

2. The opposing team may cross the build out line once the ball is in play. 

a.  The ball is in play once the 2nd person of the attacking team has touched the ball.  For example, the goalkeeper (1st person) distributes the ball to a teammate (2nd person) who makes contact with the ball. It is at this moment, the ball is in play.

b.  The intent is NOT to allow the ball to roll close to the build out line and then have the 2nd person touch the ball by kicking it long down the field. The intent IS for the 2nd player to take possession (within three seconds of release from the goalkeeper as determined by the referee) through controlling touches on the ball as early as possible without immediate pressure and have time to start the attacking play prior to the
opposing team coming across the build out line. Failure to receive the ball in time shall result in an initial warning to the team for time wasting and the restart retaken. If the team continues to delay the restart of play then an Indirect Free Kick shall be awarded to the opposing team from the location of the ball when the allowed time to play has ended as determined by the referee.

c.  If the attacking team chooses to play the ball out by throwing, rolling, or with a foot pass while there are opponents inside the build out line, the ball is in play once released by the goalkeeper and does not need to be touched by a second attacking player.

d.  If an opposing player crosses the build out line before the ball is in play (except when the attacking team decides to put the ball in play without waiting for all opponents to get across the build out line), the referee shall stop play and restart play by allowing the goalkeeper to retake the distribution.

e.  For this player development method, the six second goalkeeper release requirement does not start until the opposing team has crossed the Build Out Line. However, the goalkeeper may not utilize this relief for the purposes of intentional time wasting on behalf of their team. If the Referee believes that time is intentionally being wasted as an advantage to their team, the Referee shall stop play and warn the goalkeeper to put the ball in play as soon as possible and add an appropriate amount of time to the game. If the goalkeeper continues to waste time intentionally, the goalkeeper may be cautioned and an Indirect Free Kick given to the opposing team.

  f.  The goalkeeper may participate in play by passing the ball to another player. Once play has proceeded beyond the build out line the goalkeeper may play any ball that comes to them in any method they chose (e.g., pass, long kick, receive with the hands if within the penalty area, etc.). If this infringement occurs, the Referee shall stop play and return the ball to the goalkeeper for proper restart as allowed above.

g. Teams may not circumvent the intent of this rule in any manner. If the referee observes, and in their opinion determine, actions by a team are intended to circumvent the intent of this rule they are to stop play and explain to the coach that their team’s actions are not complying with the spirit and intent of the rule and conduct a restart by giving the ball back to the goalkeeper. If the team continues to attempt to circumvent the intent of this, the referee shall whistle the play dead, award an indirect free kick to the opposing team at the point where the ball was last touched by a second player, or when three seconds has expired, and the coach shall be cautioned for Unsporting Behavior and reported to the Region/Area for review and possible further
action.

3. Goalkeepers can no longer punt or drop-kick the ball.  In doing this, the ball will be kept on the ground to reinforce development of soccer play out of the back, reduces opportunities of the ball hitting a player's head (following the 'No Header ' rule), and reduce the incidents of high kicking which could lead to player injuries.

a.  A punt or drop-kick results in a retake of the distribution.

b. Goalkeepers can pass (foot or throw) or roll the ball out to their team member either:

 i.  Prior to the other team moving past the build out line knowing that the opposing team can attack the ball sooner OR 
 ii.  Wait until the opposing team has moved past the build out line knowing that the attacking team must wait until the 2nd  person has touched the ball.


9U/10U EXTRA-National Regulation

Image result for AYSO EXTRA logo



1. The build-out line shall be placed across the field equidistant between the top of the penalty area and the halfway line.

2. The opposing team must move behind the build-out line for a goal kick or when the goalkeeper has possession. At any time, the goalkeeper may pass, throw or roll the ball to a teammate who is behind the build-out line.

3. The goalkeeper or the player taking the goal kick does not have to wait for the opposing players to move behind the build-out line. The play from the goalkeeper or from the goal kick must be played to a teammate behind the build-out line. After the ball is put into play, the opposing team can then cross the build-out line and play may resume as normal. The first touch is from the goal kick or the pass from the goalkeeper.

4. The build-out line shall be used as the line to determine offside. Players cannot be penalized for an offside offense between the halfway line and the build-out line.



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